About Rottweiler Dog Breed
Rottweiler Dog Breed is good with the people, and it’s good with kids. It’ll protect the house. It’s a very, very loving dog, very affectionate. They wish they could be in your lap all the time, and I couldn’t say more about it. It’s the best breed.
The Rottweiler dog is an excellent pet. Most of our clients are pet homes. They’re super protective of their family but yet very social. They love kids, they love other animals, and they’re a low maintenance dog. They shed maybe twice a year, and they don’t require a lot of maintenance.
History Of Rottweiler Dog
The breed started way back, dates back to Roman times. It’s one of the oldest breeds around, and the Roman soldiers used to use them, they’re called Roman Dover Dogs. And they would guard the cattle and protect the troops at night when they slept. They would herd the cattle along their way. One of the stops that they made along the way was Rockwell, Germany. And they are the Butchers liked these dogs, and they became friendly with them, and the Butchers would take a satchel and wrap it around their neck and put their money in there, and that’s where they would keep it. And that’s where they got the name the Butcher Dog. So, the Rottweiler’s original purpose was to herd cattle. It was an original herding dog.
Today, they’re not probably using them so much for herding cattle, but some people. They are using them for carting. Today, there’s a lot of security places that use them. They’ve been used for law enforcement and military. There are still some places that use them for law enforcement. A lot of them have stopped using them because the bite force is so hard, they were breaking the arms instead of just taking down the guys. And I think Austria’s still using them. There are some states here in the United States that I’ve seen that are using them. I have one guy who’s in the military that is using his dog and jumps out of helicopters and whatnot. So they’re still being used. I think that a lot of the law enforcement now are using Malinois and Dutch Shepherd, which is a lot lighter dog, of course, to put over your shoulders when you need to.
Rottweiler Dog Temperament
So the expected temperament of this breed should be a very stable dog, very clear in the head, friendly with people. But yet knows when there’s a problem and can protect the family and the house, and that’s important. And we do what’s called a re-suitability evaluation or a ZPT, and we test each one of our dogs before they’re bred. This is a requirement now for Rottweiler Club North of America that they must pass this test before breeding, and it’s also a requirement in law in Germany. Before breeding, they have to pass a ZTP, and that shows that the dog’s clear in the head, can protect, good with people, good with distractions and a well-rounded dog.
If you look at the breed standard, it should be a maximum of 135 pounds. The female is about 85, 90 pounds, max.
Height standards for Females are 22–25 inches (56–63 cm), and for Males is 24–27 inches (61–69 cm).
The breed standard is set by the ADRK in Germany, which passes on to the FCI. And the FCI is the standard for most of the world. AKC happens to have its standard, which is given by the American Rottweiler Club. For example, if you show a dog in the AKC ring with a missing tooth, you can still qualify and win the show. Which is in the ADRK, or the FCI ring, you would be in immediate disqualifications. So that’s just one of the examples of how it’s different.
There are many different aspects of the standard from the eye color to the head size and proportion of the head to muzzle, from the cheeks, from the fill under the eyes. And then, it goes down from there to the neck and shoulder position, top line, and underline. Front and rear angulations are the tail properly carried if it has a tail, so there are many different aspects of defines the breed standard.
Rottweiler Dog Life Expectancy
The breed’s life expectancy is, the average is seven to eight years. However, we have many Rottweilers that have lived a lot longer than this, and in fact, I’m involved in a study group. And in this group, we have Rottweilers that are up to 15 years old.
Ideal Owners For Rottweiler
Type of dog owner that’s best for Rottweiler dog breed, it depends on the individual puppy. If they’re from a litter, for example, there’ll be some puppies that are a little bit laid back, and this pet would be more suitable for an older individual. Maybe that somebody who’s not so active, and then we have some puppies in the litter that are just high drive. And this would be more suitable for somebody that wants to work the puppy. Maybe an IPO or do some protection work or something like that, somebody that likes to jog or is an active person. So, it just depends on the individual puppy, but they make a great pet. I have clients that are in their 70’s, and I have young clients.
Ideal Home For Rottweiler
The best living situation for the rottweiler dog, of course, is somebody that’s going to bring it into the house. And make it a pet and let it live inside and take it everywhere. This is my ideal living situation for one of my dogs, but I have, again, people that live in apartments. If they do this, of course, they need to get out every day and exercise the dog because the Rottweiler does require exercise, or they’ll be chewing some stuff up, maybe. So if they’ve got a big yard, they can get out and throw the ball. So I can’t say that there’s an ideal situation because each person has their living situation. As long as they take care of the dog and do what’s proper for the dog, then I can’t say what’s best.
Coat & Grooming
The breed has an undercoat, and they need this in the wintertime for the colder states. In the summer in California, you don’t want this, even in the winter, but it does have an undercoat. They tend to shed twice a year, and you can rake this out, give them a nice bath, and it’s gone.
Socialization & training
It’s very important to socialize this breed at a young age to get them used to people, sounds, noises, distractions. We highly recommend this. If you don’t, you maybe can have some problems as they get older.
It’s also very important to train the dogs. If you don’t, you’re going to, before you know it, you have a 100 pound Rottweiler that doesn’t know how to sit, stay, and wants to pull you through the yard on a leash. So it’s really important to start early. At eight weeks old, they’re like a sponge. They can absorb everything. We do a lot of our training at that age.
So the breed’s good with other dogs, cats, other animals, chickens, pigs, and they get along really well with them. Sometimes, if you’re introducing a young maybe cat into the house with the Rottweiler, it’s going to take a little time, but we’ve done it and have been very successful. And the cat and the Rottweiler have been best friends. So it’s a good dog if you have other pets or other animals.
Food & Exercise
It’s really important, food, vitamins, give it a good healthy life and keep it youthful. Play with it and keep it youthful as it’s getting older. We found that this is the most important. It’s just like people, give them the proper food, the proper exercise, and they’ll live a long time. If you feed them junk food and you do everything wrong, they’re not going to live very long probably.
An exercise for the breed, we recommend as a puppy, five minutes of exercise per day per month of age. So if they’re eight weeks old, two months old, 10 minutes at a time, and don’t overdo it because we don’t want to stress out the joints and the hips. But as they get older, they require more and more exercise, and you can be a simple as putting them on the treadmill, swim them in the pool, but they do require exercise because it is a working dog. And they got to get rid of this energy.
Rottweiler Breed Health Problems
Some of the known health problem associated with the breed, of course, is hip dysplasia, and this has gotten a lot better through the years. The other one is cancer. And of course, in large breeds, this is probably the biggest problem.
A recent one that we started, it’s not recent, it’s been around for a very long time, is JLPP. And this is a disease if both the mom and dad are carriers, and they’re bred, the puppies can get this, and it causes a lot of neurological problems. And they develop not normal, they don’t walk normal, and they end up dying young. Maybe if they’re lucky, a year old, and that year’s not good. So now, it’s another requirement in law, but in most countries, to test for this, it’s a DNA test. A simple cheek swab, and if mom’s a carrier and dad’s a carrier, you don’t breed those dogs. If one of them is a carrier, that’s okay, you can breed them, but if they’re both carriers, it becomes a big problem.
It’s not a requirement in the USA, but all the respectable breeders are now testing their dogs.
Most of these, the Rottweilers, they like to eat, at least mine do. And if you feed them too much, they can get fat and obese, and we don’t want that. We want to keep them at a nice, healthy, working weight where you can see the V in the back. See the first rib, or at least feel it, and that’s a common mistake that a lot of people do is they put too much weight on them, especially too fast as a puppy. When they’re growing, we really want to keep them on the thin side because all the joints and the hips and everything is still settling, and if you make them too heavy too fast, this is bad for the joints. And so, we really want to keep them at a nice, healthy weight.
They shouldn’t be over 130 pounds, for a male, 135 pounds, fully grown. And I’ve heard people, “Oh, my male is 200 pounds,” well, this is wrong.