Herding dog is also called a stock dog, working dog or a shepherd dog. It is a type of dog that belongs to a breed of dogs that are used for herding or they have been trained accurately for herding.
Dogs can also work for various animals in different ways. For example, a few breeds like the Australian cattle dog usually bite at the heels of other animals and, for this specific reason, these Australian cattle dogs are called the heelers. A distinct breed like Pembroke welsh corgi etc. was used in the same way in cattle droves that were used to move the cattle from one place to the other and, they are also not used in the purpose of herding.
Other different types of breeds usually go in front of animals and, they use their sharp eye to attack the animals; this breed of dogs is called the headers. These headers keep the livestock in groups. They usually go towards the head or go in front of the animals to stop them from moving.
Heelers are used to keep the movement forward, to work for this purpose; they stay in the end or behind herds.
One other type of breed of dogs called the Australian kelpie used both methods, and this breed also stays at the back of the herd, so these are also called heel or the head. Some of the other types of dogs like the English shepherd are loose eyed, and they work even more independently than all other breeds.
Another breed called the New Zealand huntaway works by using its deep bark to deal with the herds.
There are also some other breeds of dogs that are used to stop the herds from entering different useful crops and eating them and stop them from roaming around randomly on the roads or the streets.
The training of the dogs can be done by testing them and having some herding trials. You can also check them by introducing them to the herds.
Herding dogs as pets: These herding dogs can also be used as pets. Different breeds like the collie are very well known. These are known to be the very best dogs to be used in a family plus they also work very carefully when they are given a job. These are also known as the working dogs, and they need to be active both physically and mentally.